DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE
Proposal for XIth Five Year Plan
Introduction - The Chhattisgarh region
(19'45'-23'15' N: 80'25'-84'20' E) comprising 16 districts including
Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Raigarh, Rajnandgaon, Sarguja, Bastar has
an east-west extent of 385 km. and north-south extent of 550 km.
and covers an area of 72940 sq. km. The geological formations in
the area start from the Archaeans till the late Pleistocene, encompassing
Dharwas, Cuddapahs, Gondwanas, Traps etc. The region abounds in
rich archaeological sites and cultural heritage points right from
the Palaeolithic upto the Historical period, varied fauna and flora,
rich forests, fertile black soil, tropical red and yellow soils
and rich mineral wealth. Since ancient times people from all over
India have been coming to this place and settling down here. In
the ancient times this area was first known as Dandakaranya and
later on Dakshin Kosal.
The art heritage of Chhattisgarh is very ancient and goes back
to prehistoric period. The cave paintings of Kabra Pahad and Singhanpur
are about ten thousand years old. The art history of this region
starts from early Gupta period and it may be older than that. The
inscribed Vishanu icon of Malhar is of one hundred years B.C. which
belongs to pregupta period.
Chhattishgarh has many important sites of archaeological importance.
Malhar, Sirpur, Barsur, Dipadiha, Ratanpur, Rajim, Bhoramdeo are
rich sites. Budhism, Jainism, Hinduism and tribalism have all flourished
together in the region. We witness a beautiful cultural amalgamation
and symbiosis of different cultures.
Highlights of the Policy
of the State of Chhattisgarh for Promotion and Encouragement of
- The State will identify, recognize, document, revitalize present
and disseminate the continuing cultural traditions of local communities.
- The State will try to work around existing cultural landscapes,
festivals and institutions, rather than create new ones to replace
- The State will be a catalytic agent, to support and advance
the traditional connection among communities, between their life
and their arts, and between forms and functions of these arts.
- The State will further cross disciplinary dialogues, inter institutional
networking and decentralized field activity to replenish community
- The unique identity and polyvalence of the culture of Chhattisgarh
will be promoted alongside its relationships and exchanges with
cultural provinces and neighborhoods of adjacent states of Chhattisgarh.
The community cultural identity and landscape of Chhattisgarh
will be presented in the national and global perspective.
- Bridges will be developed among dialects, and scripts will be
developed for unscripted dialects. Relations will be promoted
with hill and forest based communities from the newly formed states,
and from other states of the country, and with indigenous tribal
and analogous communities from other parts of the world.
- The cultural programmes will be implemented through co-directed
initiatives with local communities.
- There will be a multi dimensioned cultural council with an interdisciplinary
committee of advisers of eminence and it will be manned by people
of high caliber, drawn from different arts and disciplines. This
center will promote community specific cultural programmes with
cross-disciplinary content, in hills and forests, in urban, suburban
and rural areas.
- Protection will be offered not only to monuments but also to
important cultural and physical landscapes and attempt will be
made to promote recognition of relict and associated landscapes
as World Heritage sites.
- Chhattisgarh itself being treated as a living museum space,
the in-situ and ex-situ exhibition and dissemination initiatives,
will be designed as exercises in problem assessment and resolution,
and not as passive displays.
- Culture will neither be treated as a commodity nor as a product,
but as a living ongoing process. Encouragement will be given to
cultural research and literacy, appreciation and research, therapy
and training, publication, counseling and advocacy. The linkages,
connecting cultural strategies with poverty alleviation, livelihood
security, inter group harmony and coexistence; will form planks
for policies and programs.
The Department of Culture has undertaken
different activities that include:-
- Maintenance and conservation of the heritage, ancient monuments
and historic site of Chhattisgarh.
- Promotion of literary, visual and performing arts.
- Administration of Mahant Sarveshwardas Library, Mahant Ghasidas
Memorial Museum, Raipur, Bilaspur Museum & Jagdalpur Museum
including Purkhauti Muktangan.
- Maintenance, preservation and conservation of the archival records.
- Protection, conservation and documentation of cultural property.
- Observation of different national and state festivals.
- Promotion of institutional and individual initiatives in the
fields of art and culture.
Thus, the functional spectrum of the Department is rather wide,
ranging from generating cultural awareness at the grassroots level
to promoting cultural exchanges at an international level. Along
with programmes for the preservation of ancient heritage of the
state, the activities of the Department encourage and disseminate
a variety of contemporary creative arts as well. The Department's
aim is to develop ways and means through which the basic cultural
and aesthetic sensibilities of the people remain active and dynamic.
During the year 2005-06
the Department accomplished considerable work in a variety of spheres.
- Maintenance, Conservation and preservation of 58 state protected
monuments/sites and remains.
- Conducting archaeological explorations at distt. Durg, Jashpur
& Bastar extensive including survey of rock shelters at Surguja,
Raigarh and Megalithic sites at Durg & Bastar was completed.
- Excavation work at Sirpur was started after the gap of 50 years.
- Chemical conservation was conducted at Shiv Temple Uraotola,
Shiv Temple Ghatiyari, Kapileshwar Temple group Baloda, Shiv Temple
Palari & Durg and of Museum specimens at Raipur Museum.
- The following publication were brought out by the department:-
Ancient Coins of Chhattisgarh, Rajim, Rudra Shiva of Tala, Radha-Vinod,
Epics and archaeology.
- Seminars cum workshop titled two days National Seminar on Ancient
History of Chhattisgarh (archaeological development of Sirpur)
two days National Seminar on epics and archaeology were organised,
in addition to several in house seminars and lectures on archaeology.
- During the year Department organised exhibition on Cultural
Heritage of Chhattisgarh at Rajim, exhibition on Lord Rajiv Lochan,
Jain art and architecture in Chhattisgarh, Ancient coins, Epics
- Works relating to maintenance and conservation of archaeological
sites have been revitalised. During the year conservation and
structure repairs Shiva Temple Uraotola, Samat sarna group Deepadih,
Chherki Mahal & Mandawa Mahal, Kabirdham, Shiva Temple Tala
etc. was completed.
- During the period more than 300 trainees were trained in modeling.
Models of Sita-Hanuman at Ashokwatika were prepared and made ready
for sale in the museum's sale counter. About 15 feet height Model
of famous Bhoramdev Temple was prepared in the premises of MGM
For better protection & conservation of archaeological findings,
it is necessary to establish museum in every distt. of the state.
With this aim culture department provided funds to Vice-chanceller
Khairagarh University and collectors of Rajnandgoan, Janjgeer-Champa,
Mahasamund, Kanker, Sarguja, Raigarh, Koria, Bilaspur distt.
In spite of limited staff and infrastructure, Culture department
played vital role in the preservation & conservation of tangible
and intangible heritage of the state by organising several successful
cultural presentations, exhibitions, workshops, lectures, seminars
and publications, departmentally and by funding different groups
& organisations. Endeavored to promote folk and tribal arts and
crafts and oral traditional, which are threatened with extinction.
Cultural Programme -
days 'Rajyotsva 2005', 5 days National Drama Festival, 2 days National
Classical Music meet at Raipur, Pavas-Prasanga, Independence Day
Cultural programme, Republic Day Cultural programme, Bhromdeo Utsav,
Rajim Lochan Kumbh Cultural programme, Folk Dances at Governor House,
Dance and Music Programme at Chhattisgarh Assembly and etc.
To promote and develop traditional crafts several workshop of traditional
Dhokara, Rot Iron, Terracotta craft persons of Chhattisgarh well
organise from time to time. Besides organising National workshop
of craft men e.g. 'Shilp Madai 2006', one month training on traditional
crafts was also organise in which about 400 trainees participated
- Seminar on Padumlal Punnalal Bakhshi, Madhav Sapre, Dwarika
Prasad Tiwari 'Vipra' , Chhattisgarhi Language and Culture, Muktibodh
and several other topics well organise.
- 'Mahaveer Jayanti', 'Bhuddha Jayanti', Exhibition on
Photography Exhibition based on the dramatist of National fame,
Chhattisgarhi Pakwan, Photography Exhibition based on the classical
artist of National fame, Guru Ghasidas.
- Chhattisgarh Rajya Prerak Vibhutian & Samman Pustika,
Ek lalten ke sahare (a book based on famous Hindi writer Gajanan
Madhav Muktibodh), Republic day publication, Bihaniya (quarterly
magazine base on culture, art, tradition and archaeology of Chhattisgarh)
Culture Department also provided grants to several cultural organisatons/persons
for the purpose of promotion and dissemination of art and culture.
In the year 2005-06 Department provided grants of 80 persons/organisations.
Modernisation of facilities at campus library has been taken up
and the thrust on computerisation of various routine & specific
activities was continued, in order to improve the overall efficiency
of the Department.
Culture Department made extra efforts to popularise the activities
of the department, resulting in an increased influx of visitors
to see the museum and growing participation in various workshops,
cultural presentation, crafts demonstration etc.
Current Financial Year -
Department of Culture has undertaken different activities the field
of Archaeology, Performing Arts and Traditional Crafts. Excavation
as well as conservation works at Sirpur is in progress. Conservation
works at several protected monuments e.g. Bhoramdeo, Devrani-Jethani,
Tala, Chherka Deour Temple, Gudiyari Temple, Kesharpal, Bastar,
Shiv Temple, Chhindgaon, Laxmaneshar Temple, Kharod, Shiv Temple,Harratola,
Devrali Temple, Bastar etc. are in progress. In the current financial
year 2006-07 Department has organised several successful cultural
presentations, exhibitions, workshops, lectures, seminars and publications
departmentally and by funding different groups and organisations.
Proposal for the year
To fulfill the objectives and policies for promotion, preservation
and conservation of Art and Culture besides Cultural Presentation,
Exhibitions, Workshops, Seminars, Publications and providing assistance
to deferent organisation, several new scheme which will be undertaken
in the year 2007-08 are given below -
- Development of MGM Museum Raipur-
Mahant Ghasidas Memorial Museum Raipur is the oldest and largest
museum of old Madhya Pradesh. At present steps are being taken
for making proposals to the Government for getting financial assistance
for various improvements in Museum buildings like (i) Extension
of Museum Building, (ii) Development of Anthropological Gallery,
(iii) Modernization of the Galleries, (iv) Establishment of Museum
Library, (v) Purchase of Equipment etc. This will facilitate a
proper repository facility for the museum collection of antiquities
which will undoubtedly swell as time goes by.
At present the Museum of Bilaspur, Jagdalpur, Rajnandgaon and
Malhar are very small and are not up to the mark. The development
Anthropological Galleries and upgradation of Museums is being
proposed by the department to up grade these museums. (Proposed
under main account head 2205, scheme 5377- Tribals sub plan)
- Allocation of funds is required for construction of additional
hall and strengthening of the infrastructure, furniture, fixtures
and office equipments and other amenities in the buildings at
Mahant Sarveshwar Das Library, Raipur. (Proposed under main account
head 2205, scheme 4513- Public Library).
- Museum Cum Cultural Centre At Ambikapur
- At present Departmental archaeological museum are situated Raipur,
Bilaspur and Jagdalpur. A New Departmental Anthropological and
Archaeological Museum at Ambikapur is proposed in the financial
year 2006-07. All the four Museums will be developed as cultural
centre to act as a cultural agency in that reason. These Museum
cum Cultural Centres will ultimately work as regional directorate
office. The staff component for functioning of these regional
offices will be made available within the sanctioned strength
of the Departments. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme
5377- Tribals sub plan)
- Purkhauti Muktangan - A site
20 kms south east of Raipur, is planned as an open air precinct
on an almost plain land. This piece of land will provide a constantly
shifting canvas for exhibitions showing the continuity of geological
and archaeological resources, primitive tribal art and knowledge
systems, the contemporary cultures and life sustaining practices
in diverse temporal and spatial zones.
Panels, charts, models showing different geological features,
heritage sites, indigenous knowledge systems, herbal medicine,
agriculture, irrigation etc. will form various components of the
display. Flood history, tectonic history, vegetation history,
life of the rivers and mountains, will have a place in the exhibition.
To achieve this end steps have been taken to build a Guest house,
storage buildings, compound wall with stories of tribal mythological
trails depicted in art, landscaping of the area and its demarcation
in various zones for housing components like Khel Gudi, Dev Gudi,
Orissa Rath, Bastar Ghoutul, Rajasthan house etc. Allotment of
fund is required for further developmental works as per the plan.
(Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 5377- Tribals sub
- Multi Cultural Complex - Multi
cultural Complex is a institution where various type of cultural
activities including exhibitions collection, display, organization
of workshop will take place. Its name is "Chhattisagarh Bahu
Ayami Sanskriti Sansthan, Raipur". This is a registered institution
and its executive body is being organized. Central Govt. is in
principle agreed with the scheme and has sanctioned Rs. 5.00 Crore
for this purpose. Land is also selected for construction of this
institution at Raipur. The State and Centre will bear fifty -
fifty percent expenditure. As the total cost of the project is
around Rs. 10.00 cr. So rest of the amount will be needed in next
two year to complete this projects. (Proposed under main account
head 2205, Scheme 3077- Multicultural Complex)
- Repair, Rehabilitation of Records and
Preparation of Micro films- State Archives wing is a
small but important wing of culture department. Main job of the
wing is to survey the archival records, other archival offices
and to collect them. All kinds of restoration works, preparation
of Microfilming, Micro fetching, Photocopying and computerization
of the records are also important works. The concerned officer
or employee should provide the records or extract demanded by
Historians, Researchers or by the public. To organize the exhibitions
of historical and important records and to apply the record management
system in state is also important duty. Preventive and curative
system of conservation should be adopted for archival records.
It is proposed to establish one microfilm unit and to setup a
photographic archives at Raipur. (Proposed under main account
head 2205, scheme 2832-Photographic cell & 598- Excavation
- Documentation Works - During
the year 2006-07 Culture Department propose to prepare films on
the state protected monuments Documentation of vanishing folk
& tribal arts and oral traditions which are threatened with
extinction is also proposed. (Proposed under main account head
2205, scheme 2832-Photographic cell & 5753- Grant for Samaroh)
- Light & Sound Programme Based On
The History And Culture Of Chhattisgarh - Installation
of high quality light and sound programme based on the history
and culture of Chhattisgarh is proposed during the next financial
year. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 3594-Mela/
Newly Proposed Plans
11th Five-Year Plan
- Beautification of Shaheed Smarak Bhawan
The Library has been shifted to Shaheed Smarak Bhawan under Chhattisgarh,
Culture Department. The planning of maintenance and beautification
of this building has been prepared by the Department. A provision
for an estimated amount of Rs. 510.00 lacs has been made for this
The construction of grand Art-Gallery (Kala Vithika) for the preservation
of sacrificing tale of martyrs of Chhattisgarh and their works
will also be carried out under this head itself on the occasion
of completion of 150 years of freedom movement. This building
is the only grand monument of the State established in the memory
- Grant to Tribal Folk Art Culture Centre:
Chhattisgarh state is a tribal majority state, which has its own
different identity and the tribals of this place have their own
multifarious cultural and traditional activities. It is proposed
to initiate this scheme to attract the attention of common citizens
towards their folk arts and traditional culture and to provide
them incentive. In its first phase, having selected the tribal
majority districts, centre will be established for the artists
of folk art inhabited there, where they shall be imparted with
training by inviting them on a prescribed honorarium as may be
necessary as a trainer and a chance will be given to them and
to their group as may be necessary. Hence, a provision of Rs.
220.00 lacs has been made for tribal majority district and area.
There is a possibility to gain the employment of minimum 120 days
per person per annum to approximately 250 folk artists and artisans
(tribals) under this scheme. A chance to obtain the promotion
of economic development and life status of local artists (tribals)
by this. A chance to preserve and to develop their art and culture
will also be achieved along with.
- Establishment of Shyama Prasad
Auditorium, Raipur :
A grand auditorium is established proposed to be in the capital
of each states in the country to exhibit the cultural proposed
to be programmes of their state and for the organisation of functions.
But there is no any large/glorious auditorium available in the
Chhattisgarh state for cultural programme and function; hence
it is a proposed to construct a grand auditorium in the memory
of great freedom fighter, thinker and public leader of the country
Late Shyam Prasad, by the department. For this purpose, a provision
of an amount for Rs. 305.00 lacs is proposed in this five year
plan. This auditorium is to be establised in the capital of Chhattisgarh,
and will be utilized for national and state-level cultural programmes
and meetings etc.
- Establishment of Tribal folk music
and Dance centres :
At the national level it is being attempted that each state shall
make effort to maintain the tradition by preserving the art, music
and dance like devotions, traditions, trusts, festivals and ceremonies
of the tribals. By complying with this very policy, for the tribals
of newly created tribal majority Chhattisgarh state, art, music
and dance centre has to be established in the tribal majority
important districts of the state. The establishment of tribal
art, music and dance centre at four important places of the state
is proposed in the first phase.
The training of music through classical way, dance and traditional
musical instruments shall be imported to tribals through this.
An amount of Rs. 440.00 lacs amount is proposed by the department
for this scheme, through which approximately 500 tribals will
be benefited, by which there will be an important upliftment in
their economic life; further there shall be preservation and development
of their traditional art, music and dance.
- Establishment of Tribal Cast and Schedule
Cast Craft Village :
Each state of India has its own craft identity like utensils of
Uttar Pradesh (Muradabad), Sandle articles of Karnataka, Wollen
clothes of Kashmir Cane articles of Assam etc., Similarly, wall
painting, Iron craft, metal craft, wooden craft of Bastar and
Surguja areas retain there significant identity at national level.
Keeping in view these facts, there is a proposal to establish
craft village in tribal and scheduled caste majority area in four
regions of the state. By providing materials to these efficient
artisans belonging to S.Cs & S.Ts Ts at one place, craft arts
shall be made create and the chance of exhibition will be made
available for its sale. With this, they will get the chance of
self-employment and there shall be expansion of marketing activities
alongwith the enhancement of reputation of their crafts. Therefore
an amount of Rs 360.00 lacs is proposed in this plan under this
- Rock Art, Survey, Maintenance and
Deep forests and ancient caves are still in existence today in
Chhattisgarh area, where there are limitless possibilities of
ancient grandeur discoveries in view of archaeology.
As pertures plan, survey, maintenance and beautification of rock
arts will be carried out in archaeological sites. After earmarking
them, the work of their maintenance and beautification will be
carried out through the archaeologists of the Department. A provision
of Rs. 110.00 lacs has been made in the 11th five year plan.
- Grant for Sirpur Celebration/Fair
As like the tradition of organising Khajuraho and other fairs
in Madhya Pradesh, it is proposed to organise various celebrations/fairs
at famous sites of historical importance in Chhattisgarh State
also. Excavation/survey works are being carried out at Sirpur
archaeological site since the last two years. Archaeological radices,
being obtained there are gaining fame as world level heritage.
Therefore, action has been initiated to get Sirpur and Words heritage
site. Under these circumstances, it is proposed to give grant
in-aid for organising Sirpur celebration/festival every year.
About three thousand local people will get chance of gainful employment
by such organisations. Thus, the State will get sufficient chance
to bring up and expand its historical and cultural traditions.
- Grant for creation and development
of Film :
In comparison to other states, Chhattisgarh state is lagging behind
in the area of film creation and development. Under these circumstances,
it is essential to construct and develop entertainment centre
by providing sufficient opportunities to eligible artists and
stage artists of the place. Therefore for in view of promoting
the creation and development of Chhattisgari films, a provision
for an amount of Rs. 1440.00 lacs has been made by Cultural Department
for establishing a film creation centre (studio) and development
department to encourage such institutes.
- Rajim Kumbh Mela Grant :
Rajim Kumbha, organised every year in Magha Poornima at Rajim
- the only Triveni Sangam of Chhattisgarh and birth place of Mahaprabhu
Vallabhacharya, is a focal point of religious devotion and tourism
attraction for the inhabitants of Chhattisgarh. Keeping in view
the organisation of Rajim Kumbha in a grand way for the past several
years, a provision amounting to Rs. 445.00 lacs has been made
in this plan to give the Rajim Kumbha as a grand form. About 4
to 5 thousands of local residents get employment opportunity in
this kumbha mela every year it also provides an opportunity of
religious and tourism development in that area.