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DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE
Proposal for XIth Five Year Plan
(Year 2007-2012)


Introduction - The Chhattisgarh region (19'45'-23'15' N: 80'25'-84'20' E) comprising 16 districts including Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Raigarh, Rajnandgaon, Sarguja, Bastar has an east-west extent of 385 km. and north-south extent of 550 km. and covers an area of 72940 sq. km. The geological formations in the area start from the Archaeans till the late Pleistocene, encompassing Dharwas, Cuddapahs, Gondwanas, Traps etc. The region abounds in rich archaeological sites and cultural heritage points right from the Palaeolithic upto the Historical period, varied fauna and flora, rich forests, fertile black soil, tropical red and yellow soils and rich mineral wealth. Since ancient times people from all over India have been coming to this place and settling down here. In the ancient times this area was first known as Dandakaranya and later on Dakshin Kosal.

The art heritage of Chhattisgarh is very ancient and goes back to prehistoric period. The cave paintings of Kabra Pahad and Singhanpur are about ten thousand years old. The art history of this region starts from early Gupta period and it may be older than that. The inscribed Vishanu icon of Malhar is of one hundred years B.C. which belongs to pregupta period.

Chhattishgarh has many important sites of archaeological importance. Malhar, Sirpur, Barsur, Dipadiha, Ratanpur, Rajim, Bhoramdeo are rich sites. Budhism, Jainism, Hinduism and tribalism have all flourished together in the region. We witness a beautiful cultural amalgamation and symbiosis of different cultures.




Highlights of the Policy of the State of Chhattisgarh for Promotion and Encouragement of Cultural Activities
  1. The State will identify, recognize, document, revitalize present and disseminate the continuing cultural traditions of local communities.
  2. The State will try to work around existing cultural landscapes, festivals and institutions, rather than create new ones to replace them.
  3. The State will be a catalytic agent, to support and advance the traditional connection among communities, between their life and their arts, and between forms and functions of these arts.
  4. The State will further cross disciplinary dialogues, inter institutional networking and decentralized field activity to replenish community identities.
  5. The unique identity and polyvalence of the culture of Chhattisgarh will be promoted alongside its relationships and exchanges with cultural provinces and neighborhoods of adjacent states of Chhattisgarh. The community cultural identity and landscape of Chhattisgarh will be presented in the national and global perspective.
  6. Bridges will be developed among dialects, and scripts will be developed for unscripted dialects. Relations will be promoted with hill and forest based communities from the newly formed states, and from other states of the country, and with indigenous tribal and analogous communities from other parts of the world.
  7. The cultural programmes will be implemented through co-directed initiatives with local communities.
  8. There will be a multi dimensioned cultural council with an interdisciplinary committee of advisers of eminence and it will be manned by people of high caliber, drawn from different arts and disciplines. This center will promote community specific cultural programmes with cross-disciplinary content, in hills and forests, in urban, suburban and rural areas.
  9. Protection will be offered not only to monuments but also to important cultural and physical landscapes and attempt will be made to promote recognition of relict and associated landscapes as World Heritage sites.
  10. Chhattisgarh itself being treated as a living museum space, the in-situ and ex-situ exhibition and dissemination initiatives, will be designed as exercises in problem assessment and resolution, and not as passive displays.
  11. Culture will neither be treated as a commodity nor as a product, but as a living ongoing process. Encouragement will be given to cultural research and literacy, appreciation and research, therapy and training, publication, counseling and advocacy. The linkages, connecting cultural strategies with poverty alleviation, livelihood security, inter group harmony and coexistence; will form planks for policies and programs.

The Department of Culture has undertaken different activities that include:-

  1. Maintenance and conservation of the heritage, ancient monuments and historic site of Chhattisgarh.



  2. Promotion of literary, visual and performing arts.





  3. Administration of Mahant Sarveshwardas Library, Mahant Ghasidas Memorial Museum, Raipur, Bilaspur Museum & Jagdalpur Museum including Purkhauti Muktangan.

  4. Maintenance, preservation and conservation of the archival records.


  5. Protection, conservation and documentation of cultural property.




  6. Observation of different national and state festivals.





  7. Promotion of institutional and individual initiatives in the fields of art and culture.

Thus, the functional spectrum of the Department is rather wide, ranging from generating cultural awareness at the grassroots level to promoting cultural exchanges at an international level. Along with programmes for the preservation of ancient heritage of the state, the activities of the Department encourage and disseminate a variety of contemporary creative arts as well. The Department's aim is to develop ways and means through which the basic cultural and aesthetic sensibilities of the people remain active and dynamic.







During the year 2005-06 the Department accomplished considerable work in a variety of spheres.

ARCHAEOLOGY

  1. Maintenance, Conservation and preservation of 58 state protected monuments/sites and remains.
  2. Conducting archaeological explorations at distt. Durg, Jashpur & Bastar extensive including survey of rock shelters at Surguja, Raigarh and Megalithic sites at Durg & Bastar was completed.
  3. Excavation work at Sirpur was started after the gap of 50 years.
  4. Chemical conservation was conducted at Shiv Temple Uraotola, Shiv Temple Ghatiyari, Kapileshwar Temple group Baloda, Shiv Temple Palari & Durg and of Museum specimens at Raipur Museum.
  5. The following publication were brought out by the department:- Ancient Coins of Chhattisgarh, Rajim, Rudra Shiva of Tala, Radha-Vinod, Epics and archaeology.
  6. Seminars cum workshop titled two days National Seminar on Ancient History of Chhattisgarh (archaeological development of Sirpur) two days National Seminar on epics and archaeology were organised, in addition to several in house seminars and lectures on archaeology.
  7. During the year Department organised exhibition on Cultural Heritage of Chhattisgarh at Rajim, exhibition on Lord Rajiv Lochan, Jain art and architecture in Chhattisgarh, Ancient coins, Epics and Archaeology.
  8. Works relating to maintenance and conservation of archaeological sites have been revitalised. During the year conservation and structure repairs Shiva Temple Uraotola, Samat sarna group Deepadih, Chherki Mahal & Mandawa Mahal, Kabirdham, Shiva Temple Tala etc. was completed.
  9. During the period more than 300 trainees were trained in modeling. Models of Sita-Hanuman at Ashokwatika were prepared and made ready for sale in the museum's sale counter. About 15 feet height Model of famous Bhoramdev Temple was prepared in the premises of MGM Museum.
    For better protection & conservation of archaeological findings, it is necessary to establish museum in every distt. of the state. With this aim culture department provided funds to Vice-chanceller Khairagarh University and collectors of Rajnandgoan, Janjgeer-Champa, Mahasamund, Kanker, Sarguja, Raigarh, Koria, Bilaspur distt.

CULTURE
In spite of limited staff and infrastructure, Culture department played vital role in the preservation & conservation of tangible and intangible heritage of the state by organising several successful cultural presentations, exhibitions, workshops, lectures, seminars and publications, departmentally and by funding different groups & organisations. Endeavored to promote folk and tribal arts and crafts and oral traditional, which are threatened with extinction.

Cultural Programme -
7 days 'Rajyotsva 2005', 5 days National Drama Festival, 2 days National Classical Music meet at Raipur, Pavas-Prasanga, Independence Day Cultural programme, Republic Day Cultural programme, Bhromdeo Utsav, Rajim Lochan Kumbh Cultural programme, Folk Dances at Governor House, Dance and Music Programme at Chhattisgarh Assembly and etc.

Workshop - To promote and develop traditional crafts several workshop of traditional Dhokara, Rot Iron, Terracotta craft persons of Chhattisgarh well organise from time to time. Besides organising National workshop of craft men e.g. 'Shilp Madai 2006', one month training on traditional crafts was also organise in which about 400 trainees participated (Akar 2006),

Seminars - Seminar on Padumlal Punnalal Bakhshi, Madhav Sapre, Dwarika Prasad Tiwari 'Vipra' , Chhattisgarhi Language and Culture, Muktibodh and several other topics well organise.

Exhibition - 'Mahaveer Jayanti', 'Bhuddha Jayanti', Exhibition on Photography Exhibition based on the dramatist of National fame, Chhattisgarhi Pakwan, Photography Exhibition based on the classical artist of National fame, Guru Ghasidas.

Publication - Chhattisgarh Rajya Prerak Vibhutian & Samman Pustika, Ek lalten ke sahare (a book based on famous Hindi writer Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh), Republic day publication, Bihaniya (quarterly magazine base on culture, art, tradition and archaeology of Chhattisgarh)

Grants - Culture Department also provided grants to several cultural organisatons/persons for the purpose of promotion and dissemination of art and culture. In the year 2005-06 Department provided grants of 80 persons/organisations.
Modernisation of facilities at campus library has been taken up and the thrust on computerisation of various routine & specific activities was continued, in order to improve the overall efficiency of the Department.
Culture Department made extra efforts to popularise the activities of the department, resulting in an increased influx of visitors to see the museum and growing participation in various workshops, cultural presentation, crafts demonstration etc.

Current Financial Year -
The Department of Culture has undertaken different activities the field of Archaeology, Performing Arts and Traditional Crafts. Excavation as well as conservation works at Sirpur is in progress. Conservation works at several protected monuments e.g. Bhoramdeo, Devrani-Jethani, Tala, Chherka Deour Temple, Gudiyari Temple, Kesharpal, Bastar, Shiv Temple, Chhindgaon, Laxmaneshar Temple, Kharod, Shiv Temple,Harratola, Devrali Temple, Bastar etc. are in progress. In the current financial year 2006-07 Department has organised several successful cultural presentations, exhibitions, workshops, lectures, seminars and publications departmentally and by funding different groups and organisations.

Proposal for the year 2007-08

To fulfill the objectives and policies for promotion, preservation and conservation of Art and Culture besides Cultural Presentation, Exhibitions, Workshops, Seminars, Publications and providing assistance to deferent organisation, several new scheme which will be undertaken in the year 2007-08 are given below -

  • Development of MGM Museum Raipur- Mahant Ghasidas Memorial Museum Raipur is the oldest and largest museum of old Madhya Pradesh. At present steps are being taken for making proposals to the Government for getting financial assistance for various improvements in Museum buildings like (i) Extension of Museum Building, (ii) Development of Anthropological Gallery, (iii) Modernization of the Galleries, (iv) Establishment of Museum Library, (v) Purchase of Equipment etc. This will facilitate a proper repository facility for the museum collection of antiquities which will undoubtedly swell as time goes by.
    At present the Museum of Bilaspur, Jagdalpur, Rajnandgaon and Malhar are very small and are not up to the mark. The development Anthropological Galleries and upgradation of Museums is being proposed by the department to up grade these museums. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 5377- Tribals sub plan)
  • Allocation of funds is required for construction of additional hall and strengthening of the infrastructure, furniture, fixtures and office equipments and other amenities in the buildings at Mahant Sarveshwar Das Library, Raipur. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 4513- Public Library).
  • Museum Cum Cultural Centre At Ambikapur - At present Departmental archaeological museum are situated Raipur, Bilaspur and Jagdalpur. A New Departmental Anthropological and Archaeological Museum at Ambikapur is proposed in the financial year 2006-07. All the four Museums will be developed as cultural centre to act as a cultural agency in that reason. These Museum cum Cultural Centres will ultimately work as regional directorate office. The staff component for functioning of these regional offices will be made available within the sanctioned strength of the Departments. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 5377- Tribals sub plan)

  • Purkhauti Muktangan - A site 20 kms south east of Raipur, is planned as an open air precinct on an almost plain land. This piece of land will provide a constantly shifting canvas for exhibitions showing the continuity of geological and archaeological resources, primitive tribal art and knowledge systems, the contemporary cultures and life sustaining practices in diverse temporal and spatial zones.
    Panels, charts, models showing different geological features, heritage sites, indigenous knowledge systems, herbal medicine, agriculture, irrigation etc. will form various components of the display. Flood history, tectonic history, vegetation history, life of the rivers and mountains, will have a place in the exhibition. To achieve this end steps have been taken to build a Guest house, storage buildings, compound wall with stories of tribal mythological trails depicted in art, landscaping of the area and its demarcation in various zones for housing components like Khel Gudi, Dev Gudi, Orissa Rath, Bastar Ghoutul, Rajasthan house etc. Allotment of fund is required for further developmental works as per the plan. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 5377- Tribals sub plan)
  • Multi Cultural Complex - Multi cultural Complex is a institution where various type of cultural activities including exhibitions collection, display, organization of workshop will take place. Its name is "Chhattisagarh Bahu Ayami Sanskriti Sansthan, Raipur". This is a registered institution and its executive body is being organized. Central Govt. is in principle agreed with the scheme and has sanctioned Rs. 5.00 Crore for this purpose. Land is also selected for construction of this institution at Raipur. The State and Centre will bear fifty - fifty percent expenditure. As the total cost of the project is around Rs. 10.00 cr. So rest of the amount will be needed in next two year to complete this projects. (Proposed under main account head 2205, Scheme 3077- Multicultural Complex)

  • Repair, Rehabilitation of Records and Preparation of Micro films- State Archives wing is a small but important wing of culture department. Main job of the wing is to survey the archival records, other archival offices and to collect them. All kinds of restoration works, preparation of Microfilming, Micro fetching, Photocopying and computerization of the records are also important works. The concerned officer or employee should provide the records or extract demanded by Historians, Researchers or by the public. To organize the exhibitions of historical and important records and to apply the record management system in state is also important duty. Preventive and curative system of conservation should be adopted for archival records. It is proposed to establish one microfilm unit and to setup a photographic archives at Raipur. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 2832-Photographic cell & 598- Excavation and Survey)
  • Documentation Works - During the year 2006-07 Culture Department propose to prepare films on the state protected monuments Documentation of vanishing folk & tribal arts and oral traditions which are threatened with extinction is also proposed. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 2832-Photographic cell & 5753- Grant for Samaroh)

  • Light & Sound Programme Based On The History And Culture Of Chhattisgarh - Installation of high quality light and sound programme based on the history and culture of Chhattisgarh is proposed during the next financial year. (Proposed under main account head 2205, scheme 3594-Mela/ Festival/ Exhibition).
Newly Proposed Plans 11th Five-Year Plan
(2007-2012)
  1. Beautification of Shaheed Smarak Bhawan :
    The Library has been shifted to Shaheed Smarak Bhawan under Chhattisgarh, Culture Department. The planning of maintenance and beautification of this building has been prepared by the Department. A provision for an estimated amount of Rs. 510.00 lacs has been made for this purpose.
    The construction of grand Art-Gallery (Kala Vithika) for the preservation of sacrificing tale of martyrs of Chhattisgarh and their works will also be carried out under this head itself on the occasion of completion of 150 years of freedom movement. This building is the only grand monument of the State established in the memory of martyrs.
  2. Grant to Tribal Folk Art Culture Centre:
    Chhattisgarh state is a tribal majority state, which has its own different identity and the tribals of this place have their own multifarious cultural and traditional activities. It is proposed to initiate this scheme to attract the attention of common citizens towards their folk arts and traditional culture and to provide them incentive. In its first phase, having selected the tribal majority districts, centre will be established for the artists of folk art inhabited there, where they shall be imparted with training by inviting them on a prescribed honorarium as may be necessary as a trainer and a chance will be given to them and to their group as may be necessary. Hence, a provision of Rs. 220.00 lacs has been made for tribal majority district and area. There is a possibility to gain the employment of minimum 120 days per person per annum to approximately 250 folk artists and artisans (tribals) under this scheme. A chance to obtain the promotion of economic development and life status of local artists (tribals) by this. A chance to preserve and to develop their art and culture will also be achieved along with.
  3. Establishment of Shyama Prasad Auditorium, Raipur :
    A grand auditorium is established proposed to be in the capital of each states in the country to exhibit the cultural proposed to be programmes of their state and for the organisation of functions. But there is no any large/glorious auditorium available in the Chhattisgarh state for cultural programme and function; hence it is a proposed to construct a grand auditorium in the memory of great freedom fighter, thinker and public leader of the country Late Shyam Prasad, by the department. For this purpose, a provision of an amount for Rs. 305.00 lacs is proposed in this five year plan. This auditorium is to be establised in the capital of Chhattisgarh, and will be utilized for national and state-level cultural programmes and meetings etc.

  4. Establishment of Tribal folk music and Dance centres :
    At the national level it is being attempted that each state shall make effort to maintain the tradition by preserving the art, music and dance like devotions, traditions, trusts, festivals and ceremonies of the tribals. By complying with this very policy, for the tribals of newly created tribal majority Chhattisgarh state, art, music and dance centre has to be established in the tribal majority important districts of the state. The establishment of tribal art, music and dance centre at four important places of the state is proposed in the first phase.
    The training of music through classical way, dance and traditional musical instruments shall be imported to tribals through this. An amount of Rs. 440.00 lacs amount is proposed by the department for this scheme, through which approximately 500 tribals will be benefited, by which there will be an important upliftment in their economic life; further there shall be preservation and development of their traditional art, music and dance.
  5. Establishment of Tribal Cast and Schedule Cast Craft Village :
    Each state of India has its own craft identity like utensils of Uttar Pradesh (Muradabad), Sandle articles of Karnataka, Wollen clothes of Kashmir Cane articles of Assam etc., Similarly, wall painting, Iron craft, metal craft, wooden craft of Bastar and Surguja areas retain there significant identity at national level. Keeping in view these facts, there is a proposal to establish craft village in tribal and scheduled caste majority area in four regions of the state. By providing materials to these efficient artisans belonging to S.Cs & S.Ts Ts at one place, craft arts shall be made create and the chance of exhibition will be made available for its sale. With this, they will get the chance of self-employment and there shall be expansion of marketing activities alongwith the enhancement of reputation of their crafts. Therefore an amount of Rs 360.00 lacs is proposed in this plan under this scheme.

  6. Rock Art, Survey, Maintenance and Beautification :
    Deep forests and ancient caves are still in existence today in Chhattisgarh area, where there are limitless possibilities of ancient grandeur discoveries in view of archaeology.
    As pertures plan, survey, maintenance and beautification of rock arts will be carried out in archaeological sites. After earmarking them, the work of their maintenance and beautification will be carried out through the archaeologists of the Department. A provision of Rs. 110.00 lacs has been made in the 11th five year plan.

  7. Grant for Sirpur Celebration/Fair :
    As like the tradition of organising Khajuraho and other fairs in Madhya Pradesh, it is proposed to organise various celebrations/fairs at famous sites of historical importance in Chhattisgarh State also. Excavation/survey works are being carried out at Sirpur archaeological site since the last two years. Archaeological radices, being obtained there are gaining fame as world level heritage. Therefore, action has been initiated to get Sirpur and Words heritage site. Under these circumstances, it is proposed to give grant in-aid for organising Sirpur celebration/festival every year. About three thousand local people will get chance of gainful employment by such organisations. Thus, the State will get sufficient chance to bring up and expand its historical and cultural traditions.

  8. Grant for creation and development of Film :
    In comparison to other states, Chhattisgarh state is lagging behind in the area of film creation and development. Under these circumstances, it is essential to construct and develop entertainment centre by providing sufficient opportunities to eligible artists and stage artists of the place. Therefore for in view of promoting the creation and development of Chhattisgari films, a provision for an amount of Rs. 1440.00 lacs has been made by Cultural Department for establishing a film creation centre (studio) and development department to encourage such institutes.
  9. Rajim Kumbh Mela Grant :
    Rajim Kumbha, organised every year in Magha Poornima at Rajim - the only Triveni Sangam of Chhattisgarh and birth place of Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya, is a focal point of religious devotion and tourism attraction for the inhabitants of Chhattisgarh. Keeping in view the organisation of Rajim Kumbha in a grand way for the past several years, a provision amounting to Rs. 445.00 lacs has been made in this plan to give the Rajim Kumbha as a grand form. About 4 to 5 thousands of local residents get employment opportunity in this kumbha mela every year it also provides an opportunity of religious and tourism development in that area.