In Indian Culture there are 16 rituals related to Human life and
last one is cremation and megalithic pillars are initial form of
this ritual. This civilization had been found 4000-3000 years before.
Adequate ruin of this civilization are found in Chhattisgarh and
some places like Leelar distt-Dhamtari and Karkabhata Distt-Durg
here archaeological research work has been done also. In this archaeological
research mainly Menhir which is related to megalithic. Civilization
were acquired at village Karkabhata located at a distance of 16
km from Balod subdivision Headquarter district Durg, to understand
the initial form of above civilization and research of this place
had been done by Mr. Arun Kumar Sharma.
People of this civilization made stone pillars in remembrance of
dead person. In that area adequate megalithic ruin had been found
and top portion of this groups of ruin had been made with Menhir,
bolder and a circle which made by stone in inscription had been
made in foundation. Menhir of Karkabhata established in north-south
direction and height and width is 2.57 mtr and 1.91mtr.
SORAR-KARKABHAT (District Durg)
This extensive site is located in an area of about 10 sq. km. encompassing
the villages of Kannewada, Sorar, Nahanda and Karkabhat. Karkabhat
is located 16 from Balod on Balod-Dhamtari Road. It is spread on
both sides of the road. Several megalithic types are present here.
Menhirs of different sizes and shapes are still lying in finished
and unfinished conditions. According to Dr. A.K. Sharma an estimated
3500 to 4000 megalithic burials must have been present in this complex.
Majority of them are, however, wiped out.
Two habitation areas were located here. Also there are a number
of low rock shelters on a slowly rising granitic outcrops. There
are evidences to suggest that the shelters were probably under constant
use right from the Late Stone Age times since Microlithic tools
are also found in abundance in the general area. Apart from the
rock shelters there is an open air habitational area located at
Sorar. A ruined temple and a number of sculptures have been found
here. There are also some extensive mounds rising to a height of
4.50 m. The present village is located right on these mounds. Plenty
of potsherds, dating from megalithic period to historical period,
lie scattered all over the area. The fine black and red ware found
here suggests that it was a megalithic habitational site.
Three varieties of pottery, dagger blades, arrow heads, spikes,
spearheads, copper objects, gold objects, silver object, beads etc.
are found at Karkabhat and microliths, beads, ear–ornaments, hop-scotches,
iron objects, terracotta objects, bangles etc. are found in Sorar.
Karhibhadar (District Durg)
Karhibhadar is located 15 kms. on Balod-Dhamtari road from Durg.
The types of megalithis that are found here are Menhir, Carin and
Stone circles. In fact the megalithic culture of Karhibhadar is
to be considered as a single unit along with Mujghan-Navapara-Sorar.
Dhanora (District Durg)
This site is located 21 km from Balod on Balod-Dhamtari road. About
500 megaliths were located during the excavations conducted by Late
M.G. Dikshit in 1956-57. He classified the megalithic into four
types, Type I to Type IV. These are mostly menhirs, of small and
large proportions, kept in position by means of buttresses of large
boulders. Some of the megaliths were excavated and human skeleton
remains, objects of beads and glass bangles were recovered. One
of the Chambers even contained a copper vessel. Here also several
megalithic monuments (carin circles or menhirs) have disappeared
because of quarrying operations.
Kulia (District Durg)
Kulia is a rich site 10 kms. south west of Dhamtari and has, as
in the other area, several types of megalithic, most of them completely
Mhujgahan (District Durg)
Located on the Balod-Dhamtari road is the site of Mujhagan which,
in the past, had concentration of megalithic, especially the Menhirs.
In fact the site is considered part of complex of several megalithic
sites Chirchari, Karhibhadar, Sorar etc.
Lillar village is locatd at a distance of 15 km fro district Dhamtari.
Chhattisgarh is a very prosperous state in sngle of archaeological
vision because lots of prehistorical and historical ruin has been
acquired in this state
Ruins of this section of area. First of all have been searched by
Mr. J.D. Beglar who was in a archaeological round of central province
at that time. He also mentioned that hundred of broker megalithic
ruins like Sati Pillars are present here on the village Navapara,
Mujgahan road. These all megalithic ruins were spread in the area
of 8-9 km, but due to negligence that all have been destroyed now.
In the eastern shore of charba stream of Tengna which is located
at a distance of 4 km from Dhanora, there are various type of megalithic
Burial have been searched but acquired Burial have been usually
Baratiya Bhata (Subdivision Saraipali)
Baratia Bhata is located at north of Basana on the Saraipali road
and megalithic ruins were searched near that village by Mr. A.K.
Sharma in 1992. At that place approximately 600 to 700 Menhir ruins
have been searched and height of this ruins are near about 1 mtr
to 5 mtr and direction is from east to west.
This place is located about 9 km northeast of Narayanpur. Megalithic
ruins have been searched at this place also.
Godma (Pachari Para)
This place is located on Narayanpur road. Megalithic ruins have
been searched at this place also.
This village is located at north of godma on the Dhanora Dongar
road. Megalithic ruins has been acquired at western side of the
road and progressive stone age tools has been also acquired in that
Megalithic ruins has been also required at village. Parond which
is located on the Bisrampuri Banscot road.
Gammewada is located at the distance of 12 km from Dantewada on
the Jagdalpur-Bailadila road. This place is famous for Megalithic
This place is located at the distance of 29 km from Dhanora Pal
in south portion of Bastar. Megalithic ruins has been also acquired
at that place.
In south portion of Bastar this place is famous for megalithic ruins,
which is usually destroyed now.
Megalithic ruins has been searched at Nelakanker also which is located
at south of Bastar.
Khallari village is located on the Dongargarh Rajnandgoan
road near Tumrivoda place. Megalithic ruins has been searceh in
approximately 500 igneous rock at Mulanda by Mr. A.K. Sharma in
Chhota Pandar Muda
Megalithic ruins has been also searched in village chhota Pandar
Muda of Kharsiya Subdivision and these had been researched by Smt.
Bharti Shroti in 1993.
This place is located near District Rajnangoan and escessive megalithic
ruins were found at this place.